—The Red Light Receptor Phytochrome B Directly Enhances Substrate-E3 Ligase Interactions to Attenuate Ethylene Responses
Development Cell, (2017);
Plants germinating under subterranean darkness assume skotomorphogenesis, a developmental program strengthened by ethylene in response to mechanical pressure of soil. Upon reaching the surface,light triggers a dramatic developmental transition termed de-etiolation that requires immediate termination of ethylene responses. Here,They found that light activation of photoreceptor phyB results in rapid degradation of EIN3, the master transcription factor in the ethylene signaling pathway. As a result, light rapidly and efficiently represses ethylene actions.Specifically, phyB directly interacts with EIN3 in a light-dependent manner and also physically associates with F-box protein EBFs. The light-activated association of phyB, EIN3, and EBF1/EBF2 proteins stimulates robust EIN3 degradation by SCF EBF1/EBF2 E3 ligases. they reveal that phyB manipulates substrate-E3 ligase interactions in a light-dependent manner, thus directly controlling the stability of EIN3.They finding illustrate a mechanistic model of how plants transduce light information to immediately turn off ethylene signaling for de-etiolation initiation.